🍩 Blog 5

1. What is the goal of a label?
The goal of a label is to communicate effectively and to create the right association for the user

Reference: Section 6.2. Varieties of Labels – Information Architecture for the World Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites

2. Why is labelling an important aspect of web site design?
It is important because the user is able to find objects  easily but at the same time is able to find out the functionality of the item.

Reference: Section 6.2. Varieties of Labels- Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites

3. What are the aspects of a good labelling system?
A good labelling system must be clear for easy recognition.

Reference:  Section 6.2. Varieties of Labels- Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites

4. List and describe the types/varieties of labels?
– Contextual links
– Headings
– Index terms
– Iconic labels

Reference:  Section 6.2. Varieties of Labels- Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites

5. Why do index terms facilitate faster searching and make browsing easier?
By having topic keywords allows a more efficient search for the user.

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🍧 Blog 4

1. What is a mark-up language?
Markup language is a language that uses tags to define elements within a document. Markup language is a human-readable language and contains standard words, rather than typical programming syntax. The most popular mark-up language is HTML 😀


2. Describe the processes involved for creating a web site using HTML and uploading the site to a web server.
Firstly create your website using HTML once done save the files, next we need to upload the site to the server, to do this you need to use a FTP client (FileZilla). After adding the appropriate details in FileZilla the user just simply copies the content to the server side. Once completed the website will be live.

3. Contrast the differences between creating web site using HTML and using a CMS.
– Content is hard to change
– The look is expensive and difficult to change
– The abstraction of HTML code to GUI creates roadblocks
– Adding new features requires reinventing the whee, or assembling parts which may conflict
– The content is tied to the presentation

– Content is easy to change
– The look is easy to change
– Straightforward to add new functionality

4. Describe the options and processes involved for installing Drupal.
To instal Drupal you must
1- Download and extract Drupal
2- Create a database
3- Create a file called settings.php, services.yml and the file’s directory
4- Run the installation scripts
-5 Set up cron
6- Configure clean URLS

Reference: www.drupal.org/documentation/install

5. What is Google Adwords used for?
An online advertising service that enables advertisers to compete to display brief advertising copy to web users

Reference: support.google.com/adwords/answer/1704410?hl=en-AU

6. Describe some of the major security concerns for a Drupal web site.
– SQL Injection
– Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
– Authentications and sessions
– Insecure direct object references
– Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
– Security misconfiguration (Main source of attacks!)
– Insecure cryptographic storage
– Failure to restrict URL access
– Insufficient transport protection
– Unvalidated redirects

Reference: www.cameronandwilding.com/blog/pablo/10-most-critical-drupal-security-risks

7. Look into the options for creating a hosting account for your CMS assignment. Undertake the following tasks:
a. Choose the most suitable/viable hosting option for you (based on your technical ability and budget);

b. Establish a hosting account;

c. Install Drupal;

d. Configure the security settings for your Drupal site; and

e. Place a link to your Drupal site on your blog.

🍫 Blog 3

1. Why is it difficult for people to reward good IA?
Information architecture is difficult for people to reward because for people with no technical skills in the matter they can’t reward something that they cannot comprehend

2. Explain what is meant by “Top Down IA”
Top down architecture starts with a broad overview and understanding of the websites strategy and goals, and creates a basic structure first. From there, content relationships are refined as the site architecture grows deeper, but its all viewed from the overall high-level purpose are organized.

Reference: slideshare.net/lrosenfeld/enterprise-information-architecture-because-users-dont-care-about-your-org-chart

3.  What are some common questions a user has upon landing on a page on a website?
Typical questions a user might question upon a page could be “what other information can if find?”, “Where else can I navigate to?”

4. Explain what is meant by “Bottom-Up IA”. Why is Bottom-Up IA becoming increasingly important?
Bottom up architecture model looks at the detailed  relationships between content first. With this kind of architecture, you might start out with user personas and how those users will be going through the site. From there, you figure out how to tie it all together, rather than looking at how it all relates first.

Reference: sixrevisions.com/usabilityaccessibility/information-architecture-101-techniques-and-best-practices/

5. What is an organisation system?
The main ways of categorizing or grouping a site’s content (e.g., by topic, by task, by audiences, or by chronology). Also known as taxonomies and hierarchies. Tag clouds (based on user-generated tags) are also a form of organization system.

Reference: Information Architecture for the World Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites

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🍭 Blog 2

1. What is a content Mangement System (CMS)? Describe the main characteristics of a CMS. Why might you use a CMS?
CMS is a web application made for users to be able to add, edit and manage a website easily. CMS also takes care of creating:
– automatically generating navigation elements
– making content searchable and indexable
– keeping track of users, their permissions and security settings

References: plone.org/documentation/faq/what-is-a-cms

2. List five well known CMSs:

3. What is an open source CMS? Describe the main characteristics of an open source CMS.
Open source means there is a lot of people working on the software. Plenty of individuals are making sure code is solid and that the software is easy to use. Open sources makes the design and development of the software more simple. Because it is open source there are regular updates and continually improving the product.

Reference: mashable.com/2011/04/05/best-cms-for-business/

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🍬 Blog 1

1. What is information? Describe the qualities of information.
Information is defined as data that is:
– Accurate and timely
– Specific and organized for a purpose
– Presented with in a context that gives it meaning and relevance
– Lead to an increase in understanding and decrease un uncertainty.

Reference: businessdictionary.com/definition/information.html

2. What is the Dewey Decimal System? Describe how it operates.
The Dewey Decimal System is a tool to organize and provide access to the growing number of books. It was first published in 1876. The DDC is a hierarchical number system that organizes all human knowledge into ten main categories, each category is then divided into to ten sub-categories, then each sub-category is divided into topics. Each of these topics may be further divided into more specific subject areas. A decimal point is used after the first three digits to separate the specific subjects. With this the subject becomes more specific.

Reference: oclc.org/content/dam/oclc/dewey/versions/print/intro.pdf

3.Explain what Library Science is.
Library Science is a multidisciplinary field that applies
– Practices
– Perspectives and tools of management
– Information technology
– Education and other areas
to libraries.

Reference: Library and Information Science in Developing Countries

4.What is information architecture.
Information architecture is the structural design of shared information environments, it is the combination of organization, labeling search and navigation systems within web sites and intranets.

Reference: Defining Information Architecture

5. List and describe at least three reasons for why information architecture is important (i.e., the return on investment for hiring an information architect).
Cost of finding information (time, clicks, frustration, precision) Cost of not finding information(bad decisions, alternate channels) Cost of construction (time, budget, staff, frustration, technology, planning, bugs)

Reference: Defining Information Architecture

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